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CINCINNATI
 CIVIL WAR ROUND TABLE

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Events Reported in Cincinnati Newspapers During the Civil War

Research by Anne Shepherd, Reference Librarian at the Cincinnati Historical Society Library and Cincinnati CWRT Member. Each date corresponds to one of our CCWRT meeting dates.

Events Reported in the Cincinnati Gazette on Thursday, 20 May 1863:

  • Large Conflagration. A fire broke out yesterday afternoon about four o'clock in the planing mill of Taylor and Faulkner, on the west side of Freeman Street, near the foot of Wade Street. The fire spread with such rapidity that in the space of ten minutes the entire ground floor of the building was in flames.and in a short time the building was a complete ruin. The fire then spread to the hardware store of Messrs R. & H Boercharding. Damage to this building will probably reach $2,000. The heat from the burning buildings was so intense that two rails of the Cincinnati Street Railroad were so expanded that they had to be taken up and a piece cut from them before the cars could pass over the road."
  • "Sad Accident. A boy named Adolphus Bremer, aged 14 years, was yesterday very badly crushed in the chair factory on the Southwest corner of Smith and Linn Streets, by being caught in a planer. Both legs and arms were broken. His physicians pronounce his recovery hopeless."
  • "We are under obligation to James Pullan, Esq,. assessor for the Second Collection District, for a copy of the blank which is to be furnished all persons who are liable to be taxed under the Income Tax Law. This blank is very full and complete, and answers hundreds of questions which are asked daily by persons liable to pay such taxes."
  • "Contributions to the U.S. Christian Commission, from various sources, amounted to $880.89. Most has been appropriated in purchasing reading matter, to be distributed in our camps and hospitals, and on our national vessels. Funds are greatly needed to carry on this important work."
  • And for the war news:
  • "The Ninth Michigan Cavalry, at present stationed in Coldwater, Michigan, has received orders to report to General Burnside in this city. The first battalion, under Major Gallagher, will arrive here today. The other two battalions and the battery will follow in a day or two."
  • "It will be noticed by an advertisement in another column, that the publishing house of Rickey & Cariale [sic--Carroll] have in their presses, and will shortly issue, a complete record of the arrest, trial by court martial, argument in the habeas corpus and sentence of Hon. C. L. Vallandigham." (Webmaster's note: this book is available in full text on Google Books.)
  • "The Reported Invasion of Kentucky Discredited. With the exception of 11 small regiments under Morgan on the South Side of the Cumberland River, Head Quarters here discredit all reports of rebel forces attempting the invasion of Kentucky, and think the dispatches from Mt. Vernon, Somerset and elsewhere come from rebel sources, and are designed to prevent Federal forces from re-enforcing Rosecrans or invading East Tennessee."
  • "Important From New Orleans. Remarkable Exploit of Grierson's Cavalry. Cut their way from Tennessee to Louisiana. Safe Arrival at Baton Rouge, A March of 800 miles in sixteen days. Details of Their Extensive Operations." Then follows a long 3- 1/2 column report.
  • The Army in Kentucky. The reconnaissance of Colonel Gilbert into the mountains of Southeastern Kentucky, and along the Valley of the Cumberland, not only cleared that region of the miscreants who have been outraging every known law of civilized warfare and common humanity, but has exposed the terrible realities under which a kid-glove policy has so long permitted the loyal people of Kentucky to suffer.
  • "The Policy of the War. Instructions for the Government of Armies of the United States in the Field." Long article covering martial law, public and private property, deserters, prisoners of war, exchange of prisoners, partisans, assassination, armistice, insurrection guidelines, etc., etc.

Events Reported in the Cincinnati Gazette on Thursday, 15 April 1863:

  • "The new Board of City Improvements met yesterday morning...The weekly and quarterly bills for cleaning the streets were presented and laid on the table."
  • The "Annual Statement of Pork Packing in the West" is given in great detail.
  • "The Assessors are now busily occupied in taking a correct enumeration of all the male inhabitants of Hamilton County above the age of twenty-one years... for regulating the fees of the County Auditor."
  • "The Wheeler and Wilson Sewing Machine has taken the First Premium at the World's Fair, just held in London, all the machines of the world competing."
  • "A three story brick house on the South side of Dayton Street, west of Freeman, lot fifty feet front by one hundred and fifty deep, was sold at Auction yesterday morning...to Hiram Clearwater, for fifty-four hundred dollars cash."
  • The elegant side-wheel Passenger Steamer Alice Dean, Pepper, Master, leaves on Wednesday, April 15, at 4 PM for Cairo and Memphis.
  • "The public will be pleased to learn that the Ohio White Sulphur Springs is to be opened this season and conducted by the proprietor, Mr. Andrew Wilson. Its management last summer was unfortunate for the reputation of the place, it having been rented to parties whose chief aim was to make money, without regard to the future interests of the establishment."
  • " Hucksters Licenses: Mr. Ashman, the late Market Master, has collected and paid into the City Treasury, from April 1st to Monday last, the sum of $1,865 for hucksters' licenses".
  • Camp Dennison Hospital news. It gives a list of soldiers discharged, as well as the names of a large group of deserters. Asks for contributions of "shrubbery, garden and flower seeds that our citizens may choose to contribute for the hospital at Camp Dennison. Mr. Curtis, the accommodating conductor on the Camp Dennison train will deliver them to the camp."
  • "Sergt. Jesse Burdeal of the 5th Indiana Cavalry is now staying in the city, on a brief furlough, and will rejoin his regiment in a few days. He will take any letters for his own regiment or the 1st Ohio Sharpshooters, or any other regiments stationed near Mundordsville [newspaper misspelling: Munfordsville], or Glasgow, Ky. if left at J. G. Isham's boat store, No. 47 Public Landing, before Thursday noon."
  • " To Horse Dealers: John M. Dickerson will commence the purchase of Horses (Cavalry and Artillery) on Monday the 13th...The Horses required must be from 5 to 9 years old, 15 hands high, of dark colors, sound, free from all blemishes, and in all respects serviceable."

Events Reported in the Cincinnati Gazette on Thursday, 18 March 1863:

  • "The anniversary of St. Patrick's Day was celebrated in the usual manner yesterday by the Hibernian admirers of that sainted individual, the procession being larger than has been known for some years past....After making a tour through all the principal streets of our city, the procession dismissed at Court and Plum Streets."
  • In the financial news: "Weakness continues to characterize the gold market. Money was in good supply. Prices for cattle remain firm. On Thursday last about 250 head were sold at full prices. Hogs remain rather quiet."
  • "The Alice Dean brought up 859 bales of cotton yesterday from Memphis, and the Glendale 540 from the same place".
  • There is a report of a wedding in camp - an interesting marriage in General Hooker's army in which the altar was formed of all the Regimental Drums.
  • "The recent action of Congress in regard to the re-enlistment of the two years' men, whose term expires this spring, is attracting some attention in the regiments."
  • "Eight siege guns - thirty-two pounders - will be transferred from Covington to the fortifications back of Newport today."
  • A letter from Cairo reports the loss of the Queen of the West - "attributable to the non-compliance of Col. Ellet with the orders of Admiral Porter, but reports show a miserable jealousy and petty malignity instigated them."
  • "General Grant's medical director reports that the sickness in his army has been largely exaggerated, and that all the surgeons consider it scarcely so bad as was to have been expected."
  • Notice to Deserters: "All deserters of the 23rd Kentucky Regiment of Volunteers are notified to report at Col. Lucy's quarters in Covington, between the hours of 8 and 10 o'clock A.M. on Saturday, March 21. Those who wish to avoid the penalty for desertion will do well to pay proper attention to this call."
  • From Lexington, KY: "The military chaldron is bubbling just now with considerable energy in this department of the great armies of the West. The last rebel raid has awakened the people of Kentucky to a realizing sense of the miserable inability of the present military organization to protect them. With rumors of coming invasion ringing in their ears; with a knowledge of the vindictiveness of the foe, they are beginning to doubt and dread everything."

Events Reported in the Cincinnati Gazette on Thursday, 18 February 1863:

  • The Will and Codicil to the will thereto of Nicholas Longworth were probated yesterday. The will and codicil, signed by Daniel H. Horne, John Shillito, and Rufus King as executors.
  • Cincinnati Division No. 2, Sons of Temperance, will hold a Public Temperance meeting at 7:30 o'clock this Wednesday evening at their Hall, on the southwest corner of Fourth and Vine Streets.
  • The Polymorama of the War at Smith and Ditson's Hall. This very beautiful work of art will be exhibited this afternoon at half past two o'clock, for the benefit of ladies and children. The scenes are very finely painted, and are well worth seeing.
  • General Granger is now giving his testimony before the Buell Court of Inquiry.
  • A Washington report states that General McClellan has asked the President to assign him to active service.
  • Storm on the Rappahannock. Headquarters, Army of the Potomac. A heavy storm prevails, which will render the roads still worse, if possible, than they are now are.
  • Democratic Treachery. The Democratic successes at the elections were gained by false pretenses of supporting the war. Now the Enquirer proclaims to the enemy that these elections have shown that a majority of the people of the North are for peace without regards to terms.
  • Quotes from a letter written by a member of Company E, Tenth Ohio Volunteers, to a friend in this city. "It will be remembered that this regiment - 'The Bloody Tenth,' as it is familiarly called, was recruited in this city, among the Irish Catholics, and at the time it started for the field, was the pet regiment of the fighting Democrats. It is important to keep this fact in mind, as the following bold, manly words of a soldier show how much Vallandigham & Co. have to hope from desertions and discontent among the Democrats of the Army of the West." Then follows a vehement letter against Vallandigham and the Democrats in which the writer states that if Vallandigham came within his lines, he would tar and feather him and ride him out on a rail.

Events Reported in the Cincinnati Gazette on Thursday, 21 January 1863:

    January is a slow month. There is not much doing with army or war news - just routine, mundane reports, and many rumors.

  • The weather yesterday was wet and cloudy, the snow continuing to thaw rapidly. The river had come to a stand, with a depth of 30 feet, 6 inches of water in the channel yesterday at noon. Business on the wharf yesterday was quiet.
  • Family Market. There was but little doing yesterday morning, at the Fifth Street Market, the attendance of both buyers and sellers being small, partly owing to the inclemency of the weather, and partly to the impassable condition of the roads in the country. Prices generally show but little alteration.
  • The Wallace Violin Piano. In consequence of the unpleasant walking yesterday, preventing ladies from venturing out, the Pianist who made the trial of this instrument, will give another opportunity today, at half past two o'clock, to those who may wish to hear it. (Note: I searched for information about this instrument, but was unable to find anything; It probably did not last long. ABS)
  • Arrival and Departure of Troops. About 650 troops belonging to the 32d regular Ohio Volunteer Infantry arrived in the city last evening from Cleveland, and will leave for Memphis this evening on board the Tycoon.
  • One hundred and seventy five army wagons will be sent on to Louisville today, via river.
  • The Post has a rumor that General Halleck intends to send a large part of the Army of the Potomac to the West.
  • We see by the Official Report of Colonel Moody, 74th Ohio Volunteers, that his adjutant, Lieutenant W. F. Armstrong, of this city, behaved with great gallantry in the recent battles at Murfreesboro, having his horse shot under him on the first day of the fight. Adj. Armstrong is a brother of Lt. Col. Armstrong of the 5th Ohio, and has been in the service since the first call of the President, when he entered as a private in the 6th Ohio. He has been recommended for promotion to a captaincy.
  • A list of wounded Cincinnatians in the 32nd Indiana Regiment who were wounded, or missing, at the battle of Murfreesboro, Tennessee is included.(Names are all German.)
  • Washington, D. C. The House Military Committee has adopted resolutions in favor of a sub-marine telegraph along the Southern coast.
  • The Navy Department has ordered Captain Boggs of the Varuna after the pirate Alabama in the first class frigate Sacramento, from Portsmouth, N. H. He will sail this week.
  • Newport, KY. The "Compensated Emancipation" meeting, which was to have assembled at the Odd Fellows Hall on Monday evening, proved a failure. The crowd present on the occasion was not large.

Events Reported in the Cincinnati Gazette on Thursday, 19 November 1862:

    War news is of a rather routine nature:

  • General Grant's "...undaunted army has held its position at Corinth, Bolivar, and Memphis."
  • "Major O. Wood has been promoted Colonel of the Twenty-Second Ohio. He is the only Field Officer in the regiment, and as it needs some hundreds of recruits, Governor Tod proposes to furnish the other field officers with them."
  • There is news of the Left Wing of the Army of the Tennessee, "Camp three miles South of Grand Junction."
  • News of the Sick and Wounded left at Huntsville, Ala. by General Buell. There's a description of their feelings at being left and their surrender to the Confederates.
  • And.a list of men left at the Paducah Marine Hospital and those who died is also listed.
  • Among the arrivals at the Galt House today are Major General Granger and Staff and Col. DeCourcey. (Granger served as head of the District of Central Kentucky Nov. 17, 1862-January 25, 1863, having been appointed Major General of Volunteers September 17, 1862.)
  • We understand that Major General Lew Wallace has intimation from General Halleck, through General Grant, that he is ordered here to act as President of some military commission that is to convene here, probably for the trial of General Buell.
  • Forty paroled prisoners, mostly of Ohio regiments, arrived at Columbus on Saturday at noon, from Detroit, Michigan.
  • The Cleveland Leader notices the shipment of several loads of cabbages to Cincinnati...and adds that for three weeks past there has been a lively business done in this commodity. (Anne's note - probably to make "kraut" for the army to help ward off scurvy?)
  • The steamer Cottage was sold yesterday to the Government for $11,000 and the W. A. Healy for $13,000.
  • Funeral of the late John H. Groesbeck. The funeral services were held yesterday at noon in the Second Presbyterian Church on Fourth Street. The attendance was large, the church being completely filled. The Rev. Dr. Thompson officiated....the great general, loss of such a man to the business community, to this church, etc."
  • "An Outrage that should not be repeated. During the alarm of fire yesterday one of the steam fire engines came running along Fourth Street at the full speed of the horses, and it was by mere good fortune that no serious injury to life or property was done. A large number of carriages, private and public, in attendance at the funeral of Mr. Groesbeck, lined the street from Vine to Race. The horses of several of them became almost unmanageable, and it was with difficulty that several were hurried out of the way, by turning up Vine and Race Streets. One buggy was smashed, and one horse ran away, otherwise no damage was done. Slow driving for two or three minutes along Fourth Street would have made but little difference in the time of reaching the fire, and there would then be no danger of any accident occurring from runaways and smash ups."
  • "Colonel Bliss has returned to Columbus, from Camp Dennison, whither he had been sent to organize the drafted men, and reports the camp in fine order. There are not more than two hundred drafted men there, and they seem orderly disposed. The general health of the camp is good."
  • BUT - on the same page - is this announcement from Camp Dennison: "Dennison Guards. The following rather curious document, of which this is a copy, was received on Monday last by Major N. H., McLean, AAG on General Wright's staff, but has not been acted on. ... The Dennison Guards are costing the Government $5,000 per month, and are doing nothing, absolutely nothing." Then follows a letter signed by a large group of men stating that they are all members of the Dennison Guards, "enlisted for guard duty at Camp Dennison, where we are of no use to the Government or ourselves... are completely demoralized; having only sense enough left to ask permission to join such fighting regiments as may suit us."
  • "The different places of amusement were well patronized last night, considering the unpleasant weather. At the National Theatre 'The Tragedy of the Apostate' is the principal piece on the bills for this evening, J. Wilkes Booth and Miss Jennie Parker sustaining the leading characters. A dance and a farce follow."

Events Reported in the Cincinnati Gazette on Wednesday, 15 October 1862:

    Again, war news predominates. Anne Shepherd was going through a manuscript collection and came across a letter from a woman at home writing to a soldier at the front, at about the same time period, in which she says "There is no news here to report. All anyone talks about is the war, always the war." General News in the local newspapers includes:

  • Foreigners Naturalized. On Monday ninety-four aliens took out their final papers of naturalization at the Probate Court. Yesterday thirty-five were naturalized.
  • The City Building was, with a few exceptions, depopulated of its officers yesterday, the majority of them being hard at work electioneering.
  • Family Market. There was a fair amount of business done yesterday at the Fifth Street Market, the attendance being ordinarily good. Considerable annoyance is still experienced on account of the lack of small change, which will be removed as soon as the postage currency gets fairly into circulation. Prices remain unchanged.
  • Railway Matters. The number of miles run by passenger engines in 1861, was 201,880; by freight engines, 282,917; by wood engines, 10,240; by switching engines, 58,829; by construction engines, 26,125 - total mileage of engines, 578,991. Increase over 1860 - 82,661 miles.
  • Reported from New York in the paper: Penitential War Service. Imposing Services at Trinity Church - The Bishops Praying for the Country. Trinity Church was this morning the scene of a most solemn and imposing demonstration. While the House of Clergy and Laity in the P.E. Triennial Convention were quibbling and quarreling, and giving very suspicious symptoms of partial disloyalty, the House of Bishops, with a quiet dignity worthy of themselves and the occasion, offered a day of prayer and of fasting in view of the great national crisis through which we are passing.
  • And the War News:

  • Headline. Partial list of Sick and Wounded Ohio and Indiana Soldiers in Hospital at Louisville. (Then a LONG list follows.)
  • The Battle of Perryville. Losses in the Third Division. List follows - Consolidated report of the killed, wounded and missing of the Third Division (Rousseau's) in the battle of Chaplin Hill, fought October 8, 1862. Seventeenth Brigade - Lytles. Gives great detail and mentions Lytle - wounded - Col. W. H. Lytle, 17th brigade, in head, not serious; prisoner, paroled.
  • Before Commissioner Halliday - The case of Uriah White and W. S. Huston, charged with embezzling goods belonging to the Government, after the fall of Fort Donelson, was before United States Commissioner Halliday yesterday for examination, but it was postponed until tomorrow at 10 o'clock a.m.
  • Vallandigham Defeated. The loyal people of the country will rejoice to learn, as the rebels will be pained to hear, that Vallandingham has been defeated for Congress in the Third District.

Events Reported in the Cincinnati Gazette on 17 September 1862:

    Throughout the paper, war news predominates, along with deep worry and concern as reflected in these comments:
  • "There was an ominous silence on the part of the telegraph, relative to operations in Maryland, all day yesterday, and up to a late hour last night. In the meantime we were advised of the surrender of Harper's Ferry...the absence of news from McClellan, coupled with this reverse, was not inclined to inspire very buoyant feelings."
  • Invasion of Maryland - the paper is full of columns. "We have had another quite anxious and exciting day. Large crowds of people linger around the newspaper offices constantly, to hear, if possible the latest intelligence...We have concurring reports of heavy cannonading having been heard yesterday in the region of Harper's Ferry and along the Potomac, between that point and Hagerstown."
  • By Telegraph in the Afternoon Dispatches.The big headlines are.The Great Victory in Maryland. Gallantry of the Troops.
  • Siege of Cincinnati - "There has been so much excitement and uncertainty this past fortnight."
  • "The occupation of the Fifth Street Market by the military authorities still prevents the resumption of business in that place. The usual market yesterday was consequently held at Sixth Street...The prices of meats are higher...the fish market is also poor."
  • Financial Section: "Business being suspended during the greater part of the past week...the volume of commerce has been exceedingly slender - The City being under martial law, too, deters country people, to a very large extent, from visiting us."
  • "Wholesale liquor trade is prohibited in the city, except to the extent of supporting druggists. Merchants are allowed to ship to points not less than 30 miles beyond the city
  • Headlines: "Laborers wanted $1.50 Per day and Rations" and "Wanted - 500 men for fatigue duty near the camps and trenches, across the river."
And a few other items of interest:
  • Advertisement: Col. Kennett's 4th Ohio Cavalry. "Now is your time to join the Crack Cavalry Regiment. Clothed immediately. Come forward, Boys, before drafting begins."
  • A government clothing factory is to be established in the city."
  • Pike's Opera House. "This evening the first grand exhibition of tableaux will take place at the Opera House, the proceeds of which are to be devoted to the benefit of the Soldier's Aid Society."
  • Soldiers and their wounds. 'It is known to many, yet not to all, that a handful of flour bound on to a wound will prevent the blood from flowing. Thousands of men who have bled to death on the battlefield would have been saved, if they had had a handful of flour in their sacks, and bound it on their wound with their handkerchief."

Events Reported in the Cincinnati Gazette on 21 May 1862:

    The War news predominates - there's information on Buell's Division; Nashville; Corinth, Miss; and the Virginia Land War. On the Home Front:
  • Special Notice: the Glen-Forest Water Cure at Yellow Springs, Ohio is one of the most beautiful and healthful locations in the West for invalids and those seeking a quiet summer retreat.
  • Pomeroy, Ohio. The steam tug Hero sprung a leak and capsized, sinking almost instantly, this morning at 7 o'clock when opposite this place. She lies about one hundred yards below the wharfboat, direct in the channel, in twenty feet water. Boat total loss, no insurance. Was owned by the Calloway Mining Company of Mason, City. No lives lost.
  • The Silver Moon is arriving with wounded soldiers from Pittsburg Landing. On the boat are troops from Ohio, Indiana, Kentucky, Missouri, Illinois, Iowa, and Michigan. Some of the units were the 5th Ohio Cavalry, and the 3rd Ohio Cavalry.
  • Advertisement for a new Breech-Loading Rifle: Length of barrel, 24 inches..."It shoots with the accuracy of a target rifle; cannot possibly missfire...Can be used all day without cleaning...Made exclusively for and sold only by B. Kittridge and Co. Cincinnati."
  • Eight rebel prisoners captured by the forces under General Morgan (must be Gen. George Washington Morgan, according to Boatner), near Cumberland Gap, reached here yesterday at noon from Lexington, en route for Camp Morton near Indianapolis.
  • Departure of Troops. About one hundred men belonging to the 10th Regiment of Regular Infantry, left this city last night for Pittsburgh Landing, on board the Fitzhugh; they were all apparently in the best of spirits at the near prospect before them of entering on active service.
  • General Orders No 27: Where soldiers on sick leave are ready to return to duty, they will report to the medical officer of the nearest hospital, who will give them certificates to that effect. On presenting such certificates, the Quartermaster Department will furnish them transportation to their regiments.
  • Advertisement: For the army - Mountain Department. Wanted immediately 500 good teamsters for 2 horse and 4 horse teams, 200 good laborers, five good horse shoers and five good wagon-makers. (this is a good reminder that the Civil War moved by horses-ABS.)
  • 9. Army Supplies: Sealed proposals will be received, from loyal citizens only, at the office of the Forage Department, St. Louis, Mo. from 1,000 to 4,000 tons of hay. (Again, this concerns the importance of the horse, but how were they going to determine who was a loyal citizen? - ABS)

Events Reported in the Cincinnati Gazette on 16 April 1862:

    The paper is filled with the details of the Battle at Pittsburg Landing (April 6 & 7, 1862). Accounts of the battle, lists of the wounded, reports of the generals, etc. overshadow all other news. One account begins "History will give East Tennessee a martyr's crown." (Note: We double-checked the text of this story, and the newspaper did intend to say "East" Tennessee, despite most of the article dealing with Shiloh in West Tennessee. The article discussed troop movements and other activities in Knoxville and East Tennessee.)
  • Louisville - the steamer Minnehaha reached here at a late hour last night, with two hundred and forty wounded soldiers from the field at Pittsburg.
  • Camp Dennison - this camp is being rapidly fitted up for hospital purposes and it is intended to provide accommodations there for two or three thousand wounded. The Little Miami Railroad Company is fitting up cars for the purpose of comfortably transporting the wounded from the boats to that point.
  • A dispatch was received from the steamer Monarch to the Sanitary Commission stating that the War Eagle has passed Louisville with 350 wounded and will reach here at, or near, six o'clock this evening.
  • Dispatch - Major Cahill left Pittsburg Landing last Thursday. He informs us that the Guthrie Gray Regiment suffered the least of any engaged in the battle, it having lost but two killed and six wounded.
  • Rifled Cannon - there are six rifled cannon now lying on the wharf for shipment to Cairo. They are addressed to Commodore Foote, and are to be placed on his "flag boat," now in process of completion at Mound City.
  • What The Children Can Do. The pupils of the Third District School have contributed to the Sanitary Commission a large box of choice articles of diet for the soldiers, and among the things forty bottles of choicest wines and brandies.
  • The river depth has fallen rapidly in the last twenty four hours to 45 feet one inch. (Anne's note: I would think the river depth would be very important and a critical factor for the steamers transporting the wounded soldiers.)
  • Police Court. This institution presents no important cases now-days. There is an unvarying show of drunkenness, disorderly conduct, petit larceny, and other unimportant cases.
  • Gymnasium. Now that the warm months are coming, a cool bath is a very comfortable thing. Besides its fine apparatus the Young Men's Gymnasium has most excellent bathing facilities, and many persons are joining it now on that account.
  • Family Market. The attendance of both buyers and sellers yesterday at Fifth Street Market was very good, and produce still continues at about the same price. There is a slight advance in the price of meats. The supply of fish was abundant and the price was lower.

Events Reported in the Cincinnati Gazette on 19 March 1862:

  • Our Street Markets have been abundantly supplied of late, with all descriptions of farm produce, and prices have been quite moderate.
  • 20 boxes of hospital stores were shipped yesterday by the Sanitary Commission, mostly to Ashland, Ky.
  • The Louisville Journal of yesterday notices the arrival of three new locomotives and a lot of freight cars for the Louisville and Nashville Railroad from Cincinnati.
  • From Columbus, OH. The Finance Committee of the Ohio House has been ordered to inquire into the management of the National Road, on suspicion of frauds.
  • In Covington News. 22 Secession prisoners, seven of whom were sick, arrived from Somerset evening before last, and were conveyed to the Newport Barracks. The prisoners were taken at the Battle of Mill Springs.
  • The John Shillito Company has received a complete assortment of new and desirable dress items; also a complete assortment of Mourning Goods.
  • Reports about "The Fight at Island No. Ten" is beginning to show up in the newspapers.
  • Deputy U. S. Marshall Samuel Colby yesterday arrested Jacob H. Lowenstein, a dry goods merchant at 50 West Pearl Street, charged with embezzling cloth from the government to the amount of $735.00 The accused was engaged in manufacturing clothes for the army with cloth supplied by the government, and took more cloth from government stores than was necessary.
  • Five and Ten Dollar Treasury notes are now being successfully counterfeited, and circulated in New York and St. Louis, and there is good reason to believe that some have reached Cincinnati. They are gotten up skillfully, and are well calculated to pass as genuine. People will do well to exercise some caution regarding them.
  • Since the Spring Grove Cemetery Association set aside a lot in the cemetery to receive the bodies of such of our brave soldiers as might die in Cincinnati, from wounds or disease, ninety-two bodies of soldiers have been interred at Spring Grove Cemetery.

Events Reported in the Cincinnati Gazette on 19 February 1862:

  • Announcement: "The public are hereby notified that the Miami and Erie Canal will be open for Navigation from Cincinnati to St. Mary's on the 1st, and on the residue of said canal to Toledo and the Indiana State Line, on the 15th day of March next."
  • The Board of City Improvements met and approved the regular weekly appropriation of $552.46 for cleaning the streets.
  • The lovers of Catawba should know that Williamson's celebrated make is reduced to the lowest possible war prices - wholesale and retail.
  • U. S. Sanitary Commission. There will be an adjourned meeting of this Commission at 9 O'Clock this morning, February 19.
  • The notable omissions in the invitations to Mrs. Lincoln's Grand Ball at the White House were the French Secretary of Legation, and Dr. Russell, the noted correspondent of the London Times.
  • The government having monopolized all the steamers, there is nothing of importance doing at the landing, besides movements of troops and government stores.
  • Business on the landing is extremely dull...notwithstanding business is dull, the levee has a very lively appearance, and four or five boats are loading with troops, stores, etc. for the Cumberland and Tennessee Rivers.
  • A dispatch from Gen. Halleck to the Sanitary Commission informs that "500 sick and wounded will be sent to Cincinnati. Our own troops and the enemy's to be treated precisely alike."
  • The 71st Regiment, O.V.M., from Troy, Oh. passed through this city yesterday, to take steamers en route for Paducah. The 71st is a fine body of men. It does not make an advantageous display; however, for the reason that but one or two companies were armed. Col. R. T. Mason commands it.
  • Yesterday R. W. Peay was arrested and charged with treason for furnishing horses and mules to the rebel government. He was released on $6,000 bail.

Events Reported in the Cincinnati Gazette on 15 January 1862:

  • "The weather is still cold and ice is forming rapidly. There is a strong current in the river which prevents its freezing and navigation is free...there are now 24 feet of water in the channel."
  • Winter fattening of cattle. "The prevailing mode of winter fattening in the West is to feed large herds of cattle in an open field with cut up corn; hauling it out to them in wagons or sleds, and throwing it to them ear and stalk."
  • The Board of City Improvements ordered the cleaning of the old Torrence and Sycamore culverts at a total cost of $700 and allowed the weekly payroll for street cleaning.
  • The management of the National Theater have reduced the price of admittance to the dress circle and orchestra seats to the popular sum of thirty cents.
  • "The recommendations of ex. Gov. Dennison, and those of Governor Tod, respecting a reorganization of the Ohio Militia system, in the main agree, but in details are at variance.
  • The Second Cavalry will depart for Leavenworth today.
  • Dr. C. S. Boynton of the 33 Indiana, Surgeon in the gunboat service, arrived yesterday from Crab Orchard (Ky.), where he had been rendering aid to the sick and wounded of the 33rd, who fought gallantly in the Wild Cat Fight there (at Crab Orchard.).
  • Col. Henry Dougherty, who was so badly wounded at Belmont, is at the house of his uncle, Col. John Dougherty, at Jonesboro, Ill. where he is tenderly cared for. His leg was amputated three times by the rebels, yet so bunglingly that it will have to be again dressed. He is having a patent leg made, and will still command his regiment. His men say they will have no other Colonel.
  • From New York - a letter from St. Helena reports the capture by a British gunboat of the Slave bark Lyra, of New York, with 825 Negroes on board.

Events Reported in the Cincinnati Gazette on 20 November 1861:

  • Col. Kennett's Cavalry Regiment passed through the city yesterday morning, en route for Camp Dennison...and, as usual made a fine display.
  • Mr. Thomas O. McGraw, of Cincinnati, recently commissioned Lt. and Adjutant of the 63rd Regiment of Ohio Vols. now in camp at Marietta, was presented by a few mercantile friends with a very complete outfit, comprising sash, sword, belt, pair Navy revolvers, saddle and bridle, field glass, etc.
  • The steamer Allen Collier, having been delayed, will leave for the Kanawha Valley this evening.
  • Arrived at the Walnut Street House yesterday, the Hon. J. W. Nesmith, United States Senator from Oregon.
  • The splendid steamer Jacob Strader has again taken her place as a regular packet between this city and Louisville.
  • Capt. Ball, 2nd Kentucky Regiment, who has been at home recuperating for some weeks past, leaves for his regiment this evening, and will take with him all letters for troops at Gauley Bridge and vicinity, left at Glascoe's Drug Store, corner of 4th and Main Sts., before 2 o'clock this afternoon.
  • Col. Doubleday's Regiment, from Cleveland, is expected to arrive at Camp Dennison today.
  • The Steamer Cricket arrived at the foot of Main Street having on board six rebel prisoners, captured near Guyandotte by Col. Ziegler's 5th Virginia regiment.
  • The 20th Regiment, Col. Whittlesey, now filling up its ranks at Camp King, received its quantum of transportation facilities yesterday - 26 wagons, 5 two wheel ambulances, 113 horses, forge, etc. etc. and will prepare for active service.
  • Mrs. Lincoln has returned to the White House, which in part has been fitted up and furnished. Water has also been introduced, and the Executive Mansion is now supplied with those modern conveniences - furnaces, gas, and Potomac water.

Events Reported in the Cincinnati Gazette on 15-16 October 1861:

  • The number of German soldiers serving in the U.S. Army is reported. The total is 59,400. Ohio has 5,000, Kentucky 500. (October 15.)
  • From Louisville: It is believed that General Sherman intends an early movement forward and a vigorous prosecution of the war. (October 15.)
  • On New York fashions for women: For the month of October, dresses are to be comparatively plain, with one or two flounces only as the rule. (October 15.)
  • On the Patent Office: The new incumbent, Mr. Holloway, entered upon the discharge of the duties of the Patent Office when it was in a depressed condition. Things have been growing worse ever since. (October 15.)
  • The ladies of the Pleasant Ridge Presbyterian Church, Hamilton County, anxious to do something for our noble and gallant soldiers, propose to our sisters throughout the country, that each and every one of us will knit for them, by the 1st day of January 1862, four pairs of woolen yarn stockings.(October 16.)
  • The ladies met at the M.E. Church and formed a Society for the purpose of making socks, drawers, shirts, etc. suitable for the winter season.(October 16.)
  • Camp Dennison is to be used as winter quarters for troops.(October 16.)
  • County Commissioners have appointed Benjamin Brown Superintendent of the County Workhouse for one year.(October 16.)
  • The members of the Cincinnati Zouave Guard, Co. D., Second Regiment. O.V., can obtain their certificates of discharge by calling the office of Capt. J. G. Baldwin. (October 16.)
  • The 2 men arrested in Pendleton County, Ky. last week and charged with giving aid and comfort to the rebels, were yesterday released from the Elm Street Barracks, where they had been confined, upon taking the Oath of Allegiance.(October 16.)
  • Christopher Shafer, the man who was so badly wounded Monday by the explosion at Procter and Gamble Soap Factory, died yesterday morning. (October 16.)
  • Mr. Moncure D. Conway delivered a lecture on "The Signs of the Times," before an audience of 1500 at the Catholic Institute. (October 16.)
  • The lady members of the Allemania Society, at a meeting in Melodeon Hall last evening, unanimously resolved to spend two hours each day in sewing for our needy soldiers.(October 16.)
  • To save trouble to all concerned, it is announced from Headquarters of the Army that the Government has ceased to allow travelers to go South through the United States lines.(October 16.)
  • A motion was issued in the Circuit Court of the U. S. for a Writ of Attachment against Gen. O. M. Mitchel for Contempt of Court, in refusing to take notice of a writ of Habeas Corpus. (October 16.)
  • A public meeting, which might almost be termed an indignation meeting, embracing a large number of our most respectable citizens, was held in the Merchants Exchange yesterday, to take into consideration the management of the Marine Hospital in this city, and the condition of our returned sick and disabled volunteers. (October 16.)
  • Cincinnati as a Horse Market - Since the breaking out of the rebellion thirty-nine thousand seven hundred and sixty-eight horses have been purchased in this city for the use of the Government. (October 16.)

Events Reported in the Cincinnati Gazette on Wednesday and Thursday, 17-18 Sept 1861:

  • The newspaper is full of accounts of the Battle of Carnifex Ferry in Western Virginia.  On the 17th Col. William Lytle of the 10th Regiment – the “Irish Regiment” arrived from the battlefield on the Steamer Silver Wave.  Lytle was wounded in the leg during the battle, and his horse was shot out from under him.  Lytle, along with Capt. Stephen McGroarty (also wounded) and Lt. Fanning, accompanied the body of Col. John W. Lowe of Batavia home for burial.  Lowe, of the 12th Ohio, died leading the advancement at Scarey Ceek.
  • Theodore Marsh, a member of City Council, was authorized to go to Western Virginia to collect from the soldiers of the various regiments, such sums as they “may feel able and willing to send their wives and families at home.”
  • The new Orphan Asylum building in Mount Adams was completed and was to be dedicated September 19.
  • In Covington the armory at 4th and Greenup Streets, for use by Union Men, is almost completed and will soon be ready for occupation.
  • In Washington, on September 17, Secretary of the Treasury Salmon P. Chase, a Cincinnatian, gave President Lincoln a telegram from Gen. Wm. Sherman regarding available troops.
  • Col. A. G. McCook of the 2nd Ohio Regiment was at the Burnet House yesterday (Sept. 17).
  • The recruiting for gunboats has ceased as the necessary complement of men has been obtained.
  • On the 17th a large lot of Kentucky mules destined for the army in Virginia was shipped out on the Little Miami Railroad.
  • Col. Kennett’s Cavalry Regiment officially changed from the 3rd to the 4th Ohio Vol. Calvary.  83 men and 20 horses were sent to camp yesterday (17th) and the drill of the mounted troops began immediately.
  • Col. Taylor’s Cavalry Regiment is rapidly filling up.
  • An assessment of President Lincoln states that he “possesses the confidence of the American People more thoroughly than any other public man since the days of Andrew Jackson.”

For detailed extractions from Cincinnati newspapers, see Robert J. Wimberg's books:
  • Cincinnati and the Civil War: Off to Battle (1861). 1992.
  • Cincinnati and the Civil War: Under Attack (1862). 1999.
  • Cincinnati and the Civil War: 1863. 2006.
All are published by the Ohio Book Store, 726 Main Street, Cincinnati OH 45202.

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