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TWENTY-EIGHTH OHIO VOLUNTEER INFANTRY
The Twenty-Eighth Ohio was accepted by the President direct, through the exertion of Hon. John A. Gurley, on the 10th of June, 1861. Owing to the absence of the proper officer, the muster-in was delayed until the 6th of July, when the regiment went to Camp Dennison.
The regiment, thoroughly organized, equipped, and drilled, moved to Point Pleasant, Virginia, July 31st, and to Parkersburg August 10th. Here Colonel Moor was ordered by General Rosecrans to scout the counties of Jackson and Roane, with four hundred picked men, which resulted in relieving the town of Spencer, the Rebels having besieged the home-guards, who had barricaded and fortified the court-house. The remainder of the regiment marched to Clarksburg, and was ordered to Buckhannon on the 16th. Colonel Moor, after accomplishing his mission, arrived at Buckhannon August 23d, and the regiment, as a part of General Rosecrans's army, marched to Bullton on the 27th, to Sutton September 1st, and started for Summerville on the 7th. At noon on the 10th the Rebels, under Floyd, were found intrenched near Carnifex Ferry, the attack on which commenced in the afternoon and lasted until night-fall. During the night Floyd retreated. The Twenty-Eighth lost three killed and twenty-seven wounded.
On the 14th the regiment crossed Gauley River and marched to Camp Lookout, and, on September 25th, marched to Big Sewell Mountain; remained opposite the fortified position of the Rebels (Lee commanding) until the 6th of October, when, at ten o'clock at night, the retreat commenced over horrid roads. The troops arrived at Camp Anderson (on New River) on the 9th, crossed New River to Fayetteville on the 19th, and returned the same night after some skirmishing. On the 21st the pickets on New River were attacked. Two companies of the regiment, directed to re-enforce the pickets, soon repulsed the Rebels. Company C had one killed and one wounded. On December 6th Camp Anderson was evacuated, and the troops marched to Gauley. The regiment was drilled and instructed thoroughly, and May 2, 1862, was marched to Fayetteville, where General Cox assumed command, and formed the Kanawha Division into four brigades. The Twenty-Eighth, Thirty-Fourth, Thirty-Seventh Regiments, and Simmond's Battery, of Ohio troops, constituting the Second Brigade, Colonel Moor commanding, moved on the Tennessee and Virginia Railroad May 10th, by way of Raleigh, Flat Top Mountain, and Princeton, arriving at French Mill May 14th.
Two companies of the Twenty-Eighth were sent across East River Mountain to reconnoiter, and fell in with a Rebel force at Wolf Creek with commissary stores. Killed three and captured eight prisoners, a number of arms and horses, and burned the wagons and stores.
May 15th Colonel Moor sent five companies of the Twenty-Eighth, four companies of the Thirty-Seventh, and two companies of the Thirty-Fourth Regiments, under command of Lieutenant-Colonel Blessing, up the East River and Wytheville Road, to ascertain the Rebel force at Rocky Gap, with orders to return the next day. About nine P.M. General Cox and staff arrived at French Mill, having been attacked and driven from Princeton that afternoon, his force scattering in the woods. Colonel Moor marched with his brigade for Princeton forthwith; the companies under Lieutenant-Colonel Blessing were notified by courier to march direct on Princeton by the Wytheville road and join the brigade in the morning. The brigade arrived at Princeton at six A. M., much fatigued, the enemy having evacuated after burning commissary (pg 195) and quartermaster's stores, and leaving a picket for observation, which retired as our skirmishers became visible.
Learning from our wounded that the Rebels, under General Marshal, were in position one mile west of town, Colonel Moor, with five companies and one Parrott gun, took possession of the cemetery. General Cox, with the rest of the brigade, remained in town, waiting for the First Brigade, under Colonel Scammon, which was falling back also from the Narrows of New River. An artillery duel and some skirmishing ensued, in which the Rebels wasted much ammunition. At ten o'clock A. M. heaving musketry firing was heard, distant about one and a half miles, on the heights of the Wytheville road, the first sign of the detachment ordered to move to Princeton by the Wytheville road. Five companies were ordered to advance to their support, which order, however, was not complied with, and Lieutenant-Colonel Blessing was forced back with a loss of eighteen dead and fifty-six wounded - the Twenty-Eighth having six dead and eleven wounded. In the afternoon the First Brigade arrived, and, during the night, General Cox concluded to fall back on Flat Top Mountain.
At three o'clock A. M. the retrograde movement commenced. At noon, the ten companies under Blessing, driven back the day before, fell in with our column near Blue Stone River, having marched all night by a circuitous route through Black Oak Mountains. The division reached Flat Top without molestation, May 19th.
Up to the 14th of August, companies A, C, D, E, and F had skirmishes on divers expeditions, losing but few men. Receiving orders to proceed to Washington City, the division left Flat Top Mountain August 15th, for the Kanawha and Ohio River via Parkersburg, and arrived at Washington August 25th, marched to Fort Albany the 26th; to Fort Buffalo on the 28th. The regiment skirmished with Stuart's cavalry at Fall's Church, September 4th.
General McClellan assuming command of the army, the division was attached to the Ninth Corps, under General Reno. Coming up with the Rebels near Frederick City, Maryland, September 13th, Colonel Moor, with the cavalry attached to his brigade, was ordered to force an entrance and drive the Rebels out of the town, which was accomplished after a sharp contest.
On the 14th the battle of South Mountain was fought, and the Kanawha Division bore the brunt of the battle. At Antietam the Twenty-Eighth was the first regiment which forded the creek above the stone bridge, and remained in front of the Ninth Corps in skirmish-line all night. It lost forty-two killed and wounded. On the 8th of October marched with the division to Clear Springs, and, on the 9th, to Hancock, watching Stuart's cavalry, which had recrossed the Potomac. The division was ordered to march for the Kanawha on the 14th. The Twenty-Eighth Regiment, after a tedious march, arrived at Brownstown on the 18th of November. During December expeditions were sent through Wyoming and Logan Counties, capturing many prisoners and horses.
January 8, 1863, the regiment was ordered to Buckhannon. April 28th, General Roberts having assumed command of the troops in the District of Western Virginia, the regiment fell back under him to Clarksburg, before the Rebel General Jones, and advanced on Weston again, May 9th. The command marched to Maryland, opposite New Creek, June 16th. Meanwhile Western Virginia was threatened with another invasion, and the regiment was ordered to march to Beverly, and arrived on the 7th of July. After many marches and skirmishes in the mountains, General Averell arrived with a brigade of cavalry, and, on the 1st of November, the whole force moved south, across Cheat Mountain, through Pocahontas into Greenbrier. On the 5th the advance came in contact with the enemy at Millpoint, who made a hasty retreat to Droop Mountain. On the 6th the infantry forces were ordered to flank and attack the enemy, under General Echols, if possible, in the rear, which was done, and the Rebels routed, stating their loss in killed, wounded, and captured, at eight hundred.
On the 7th our forces marched to Lewisburgh, picking up prisoners, cannon, and other abandoned property. On the 8th Colonel Moor, in charge of the prisoners, captured some arms and four hundred cattle, and was ordered with the infantry and Keeper's battery to return to Beverly; General Averill with the cavalry taking another road. The force reached Beverly on the 12th, (pg 196) marching and bivouacking in snow and ice. On the 8th of December the regiment, with a column under Colonel Moor, in co-operation with General Averill's great raid to Salem, advanced again to threaten Lewisburg, diverting the attention of the Rebels and remaining near Falling Springs Mountain, and found the pass blockaded with rocks and heavy timbers for two miles. At early dawn on the 15th a detail of men was sent up the mountain to remove the blockade, which was accomplished, and at ten o'clock the march was resumed and Beverly reached on the 17th, with little annoyance from bushwackers. April 25th, 1864, the regiment was ordered to join the army of the Shenandoah, collecting under General Sigel at Bunker Hill, where it arrived on the 29th. May 11th Colonel Moor with a force of some two thousand five hundred men, of all arms, was sent to Rude's Hill, near New Market, to feel the enemy; the army under General Sigel was to follow at four the next morning. Moor's advance was attacked near Rude's Hill at three P. M.; a running fight ensued; at New Market, artillery came into play. Prisoners stated that Imboden was there in force. Toward evening Imboden was driven out and New Market was in our possession - Colonel Moor occupying Imboden's camp. The night being very dark and cloudy the enemy made two attacks to regain their first position, but were repulsed handsomely. Early next morning, learning from scouts and other sources that Imboden had joined Breckinridge five miles south of New Market, Colonel Moor made some alterations in his position and was again attacked. After seven A. M., Generals Stahl and Sigel arrived on the field with a cavalry division' other positions were taken, and the battle of New Market was fought amidst heavy thunderstorms. Our army was forced back to Cedar Creek, which was reached on the 17th of May.
On the 26th advanced again on Woodstock, New Market, Harrisburg, and Port Republic. June 5th came up on the Rebels under General Jones near Piedmont, who occupied a strongly intrenched position. Colonel Moor's brigade was ordered to attack, and after a stubborn contest drove the Rebels into their works. At about noon it again was ordered to storm the works. The assault, made in gallant style, was received with so tremendous a fire that it forced four regiments, after losing heavily, to fall back; the Twenty-Eighth remained on the ground and was ordered to lie down and prevent the enemy from making a counter-charge. The regiment kept the Rebels at bay for three-quarters of an hour, when it was recalled and resumed its place in the new line of battle; being highly complimented by General Hunter. Soon after the third charge was made with complete success. One thousand three hundred prisoners were captured and about the same number were killed and wounded. Among the killed was General Jones. The Twenty-Eighth lost thirty-three killed and one hundred and five wounded out of four hundred and eighty-four combatants; two color-bearers were killed and three wounded in quick succession, and the regimental flag was perforated by seventy-two balls and pieces of shell.
On the 6th of June the regiment entered Staunton, and on the 7th made a feint toward Lynchburg, destroying miles of railroad and bridges. Subsistence being scarce, and the forces of Generals Averill and Crook forming a junction with our army, Colonel Moor was ordered, with the Twenty-Eighth Ohio and portions of other regiments, one thousand Rebel prisoners, one hundred and fifty wounded, and hundreds of refugees and contrabands, to march directly across the mountains for the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, a distance of one hundred and forty-seven miles.
After a very exhausting march the regiment arrived at Webster on the 18th, and was ordered to Camp Morton, Indiana, with the prisoners, where it arrived safely, and was reviewed on the 23d of June by Governor Morton and General Carrington. The term of service expiring in July, the regiment was ordered to Cincinnati, where it received a cordial welcome, and was honorably discharged on the 23d of July, 1864.
The regiment lost while in the field, two officers killed, seven wounded; ninety men killed, one hundred and sixty-two wounded, and one hundred and seventy-three disabled by disease; making a total of four hundred and thirty-four.
Whitelaw Reid, Ohio in the Civil War: Her Statesmen, Generals and Soldiers, (reprint of the 1895 edition, Robert Clarke Company, Cincinnati) Volume 2, pages 194-196.
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